Mental Health Awareness


A therapeutic resource…

AbuseConsultants.com
Kathy Broady, LCSW

3630 North Josey Lane, Suite 100
Carrollton, TX 75007

972-395-2110

  • AbuseConsultants.com has been developed as an innovative site for the online treatment of trauma, sexual abuse, dissociative disorders, post traumatic stress disorder, depression, bipolar, anxiety, and self injury. Our depths of understanding and creative approaches to healing are truly unique.
  • AbuseConsultants.com offers in-person office-based sessions with a licensed clinical social worker in Carrollton, TX, a northern suburb of Dallas, Texas.  Telephone sessions are also available.  Email consultations and IM sessions are available online.
  • AbuseConsultants.com provides assistance, comfort, treatment, and information for adults, teenagers, and children who are or have been devastated by the long-term effects of abuse.
  • AbuseConsultants.com addresses the needs for support peoples who are, even though they may be totally overwhelmed, genuinely interested and invested in the recovery of their loved one from the effects of abuse.
  • AbuseConsultants.com addresses the needs for support peoples who are, even though they may be totally overwhelmed, genuinely interested and invested in the recovery of their loved one from the effects of abuse.
  • AbuseConsultants.com addresses a variety of related mental health issues, works to learn more about “what really helps”, and researches the contributions of other areas of expertise, specifically as they relate to trauma recovery.
  • The information provided on this blog and on AbuseConsultants.com is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between a patient/site visitor and his/her existing physician.

www.AbuseConsultants.com

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Advocacy

“Advocacy For Mental Illness” PDF.

“Advocacy is an important means of raising awareness on mental health issues and insuring that mental health is on the narional agenda of govenrnments. Advocacy can lead to improvements in policy, legislation, and service development.”



Violence and mental illness
December 21, 2008, 1:28 am
Filed under: awareness, Education, Resources, stigma | Tags: , , , , ,

Violence and Mental Illness: The Facts

The discrimination and stigma associated with mental illnesses largely stem from the link between mental illness and violence in the minds of the general public, according to the U.S. Surgeon General (DHHS, 1999). The belief that persons with mental illness are dangerous is a significant factor in the development of stigma and discrimination (Corrigan, et al., 2002). The effects of stigma and discrimination are profound. The President’s New Freedom Commission on Mental Health found that, “Stigma leads others to avoid living, socializing, or working with, renting to, or employing people with mental disorders – especially severe disorders, such as schizophrenia. It leads to low self-esteem, isolation, and hopelessness. It deters the public from seeking and wanting to pay for care. Responding to stigma, people with mental health problems internalize public attitudes and become so embarrassed or ashamed that they often conceal symptoms and fail to seek treatment (New Freedom Commission, 2003).”

This link is often promoted by the entertainment and news media. For example, Mental Health America, (formerly the National Mental Health Association) reported that, according to a survey for the Screen Actors’ Guild, characters in prime time television portrayed as having a mental illness are depicted as the most dangerous of all demographic groups: 60 percent were shown to be involved in crime or violence. Also most news accounts portray people with mental illness as dangerous (Mental Health America, 1999). The vast majority of news stories on mental illness either focus on other negative characteristics related to people with the disorder (e.g., unpredictability and unsociability) or on medical treatments. Notably absent are positive stories that highlight recovery of many persons with even the most serious of mental illnesses (Wahl, et al., 2002). Inaccurate and stereotypical representations of mental illness also exist in other mass media, such as films, music, novels and cartoons (Wahl, 1995).

Most citizens believe persons with mental illnesses are dangerous. A longitudinal study of American’s attitudes on mental health between 1950 and 1996 found, “the proportion of Americans who describe mental illness in terms consistent with violent or dangerous behavior nearly doubled.” Also, the vast majority of Americans believe that persons with mental illnesses pose a threat for violence towards others and themselves (Pescosolido, et al., 1996, Pescosolido et al., 1999).

As a result, Americans are hesitant to interact with people who have mental illnesses. Thirty-eight percent are unwilling to be friends with someone having mental health difficulties; sixty-four percent do not want someone who has schizophrenia as a close co-worker, and more than sixty-eight percent are unwilling to have someone with depression marry into their family (Pescosolido, et al., 1996).

But, in truth, people have little reason for such fears. In reviewing the research on violence and mental illness, the Institute of Medicine concluded, “Although studies suggest a link between mental illnesses and violence, the contribution of people with mental illnesses to overall rates of violence is small,” and further, “the magnitude of the relationship is greatly exaggerated in the minds of the general population (Institute of Medicine, 2006). Other risk factors have more to do with violent behavior such as past violent victimization, lack of social supports, and substance abuse,. (Hiday, 2006; Swanson, J. et al., 2002).

In addition:

  • “Research has shown that the vast majority of people who are violent do not suffer from mental illnesses (American Psychiatric Association, 1994).”
  • “. . . [T]he absolute risk of violence among the mentally ill as a group is still very small and . . . only a small proportion of the violence in our society can be attributed to persons who are mentally ill (Mulvey, 1994).”

 

People with psychiatric disabilities are far more likely to be victims than perpetrators of violent crime (Appleby, et al., 2001). Researchers at North Carolina State University and Duke University found that people with severe mental illnesses, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or psychosis, are 2 ½ times more likely to be attacked, raped or mugged than the general population (Hiday, et al., 1999).

People with mental illnesses can and do recover. People with mental illnesses can recover or manage their conditions and go on to lead happy, healthy, productive lives. They contribute to society and make the world a better place. People can often benefit from medication, rehabilitation, talk therapy, self help or a combination of these. One of the most important factors in recovery is the understanding and acceptance of family and friends.

  • “Most people who suffer from a mental disorder are not violent — there is no need to fear them. Embrace them for who they are — normal human beings experiencing a difficult time, who need your open mind, caring attitude, and helpful support (Grohol, 1998).”

References

American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Fact Sheet: Violence and Mental Illness. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.

Appleby, L., Mortensen, P. B., Dunn, G., & Hiroeh, U. (2001). Death by homicide, suicide, and other unnatural causes in people with mental illness: a population-based study. The Lancet, 358, 2110-2112.

Corrigan, P.W., Rowan, D., Green, A., et al. (2002) .Challenging two mental illness stigmas: Personal responsibility and dangerousness. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 28, 293-309.

DHHS. Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Mental Health, 1999. http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/mentalhealth/toc.html

Grohol, J. M. (1998). Dispelling the violence myth. Psych Central. Available: http://psychcentral.com/archives/violence.htm

Hiday, V. A. (2006). Putting Community Risk in Perspective: a Look at Correlations, Causes and Controls. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 29, 316-331.

Hiday, V.A., Swartz, M.S., Swanson, J.W., et al. (1999). Criminal victimization of persons with severe mental illness. Psychiatric Services, 50, 62–68.

Institute of Medicine, Improving the Quality of Health Care for Mental and Substance-Use Conditions. Washington, DC: Institute of Medicine, 2006.

Mental Health America. American Opinions on Mental Health Issues. Alexandria: NMHA, 1999.

Monahan, J. & Arnold, J. (1996). Violence by people with mental Illness: a consensus statement by advocates and researchers. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 19, 67-70.

Mulvey, E. P. (1994). Assessing the evidence of a link between mental illness and violence. Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 45, 663-668.

Pescosolido, B.A., Martin, J.K., Link, B.G., et al. Americans’ Views of Mental Health and Illness at Century’s End: Continuity and Change. Public Report on the MacArthur Mental health Module, 1996 General Social Survey. Bloomington: Indiana Consortium for Mental Health Services Research and Joseph P. Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 2000. Available: http://www.indiana.edu/~icmhsr/amerview1.pdf

Pescosolido, B.A., Monahan, J. Link, B.G. Stueve, A., & Kikuzawa, S. (1999). The public’s view of the competence, dangerousness, and need for legal coercion of persons with mental health problems. American Journal of Public Health, 89, 1339-1345.

New Freedom Commission on Mental Health, Achieving the Promise: Transforming Mental Health Care in America. Final Report. DHHS Pub. No. SMA-03-3832. Rockville, MD: 2003.

Swanson, J.W., Swartz, M.S., Essock, S.M, et al. (2002).The social-environmental context of violent behavior in persons treated for severe mental illness. American Journal of Public Health, 92, 1523-1532.

Wahl, O. (1995). Media Madness: Public Images of Mental Illness. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Wahl, O.F., et al. (2002). Newspaper coverage of mental illness: is it changing? Psychiatric Rehabilitation Skills, 6, 9-31.

For more information about how to address discrimination and stigma, contact the SAMHSA Resource Center to Address Discrimination and Stigma (ADS Center), a program of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services at http://stopstigma.samhsa.gov, e-mail stopstigma@samhsa.hhs.gov, or call 800–540–0320.

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Mental health resources

Resources

The following organizations provide information and resources for mental illness:

Severe Anxiety
Overcoming Social Phobia One Step At A Time
A well-written site about Social Phobia, resources for help, advice for dealing with the illness, and links to many other sites. “Severe social anxiety is one of the most difficult disorders to overcome. It can literally destroy your life in a matter of months. People do no realize that their is no real treatment to rid yourself of social anxiety, sure there is medication that is available through your family doctor. But how on earth does someone with severe social anxiety get this medication when their number one fear is in social interaction?”
http://www.severe-social-anxiety.com/

Center for Mental Health Services
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
Phone: 301-443-8956
http://www.samhsa.gov/

Resource Center to Address Discrimination and Stigma
ADS Center
11420 Rockville Pike
Rockville, MD 20852
Toll Free Phone: 1-800-540-0320
Email: stopstigma@samhsa.gov
http://www.stopstigma.samhsa.gov/

Drug Abuse Information and Treatment Referral Line
(Sponsored by the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment)
TollFree: 800-622-HELP (4357)

Health Resources and Services Administration Information Center (HRSA)
TollFree: (888) 275-4772
Email: ask@hrsa.gov

National Institute of Mental Health
Office of Communications
Phone: 301-443-4513
Toll Free: 1-866-615-NIMH (6464)
TTY: 301-443-8431
Email: nimhinfo@nih.gov
http://www.nimh.nih.gov

American Foundation for Suicide Prevention
Phone: 212-363-3500
Fax: 212-363-6237
Toll Free: 888-333-AFSP
Email: inquiry@afsp.org
http://www.afsp.org/index-1.htm

American Psychiatric Association (APA)
Phone: 703-907-7300
http://www.psych.org/index.cfm

American Psychological Association
Phone: 202-336-5510
Toll Free: 1-800-374-2721
http://www.apa.org

Anxiety Disorders Association of America
Phone: 240-485-1001
http://www.adaa.org

Borderline Personality Disorder Research Foundation (BPDRF)
New York State Psychiatric Institute
Phone: 212-543-6247
Email: BPDRF.USA@VERIZON.NET
http://www.borderlineresearch.org

Child and Adolescent Bipolar Foundation
Phone: 847-256-8525
http://www.bpkids.org/

Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance (DBSA)
Phone: 312-642-0049
http://www.DBSAlliance.org

Depression and Related Affective Disorders Association (DRADA)
Phone: 410-583-2919
Email: drada@jhmi.edu
http://www.drada.org/

Freedom from Fear
Phone: 718-351-1717
http://www.freedomfromfear.com

National Alliance for Research on Schizophrenia and Depression (NARSAD)
Phone: 516-829-0091
Toll Free: 800-829-8289
Email: info@narsad.org
http://www.narsad.org

National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI)
Phone: 703-524-7600
Toll Free: 1-800-950-NAMI (6264)
http://www.nami.org

National Eating Disorders Association
Phone: 206-382-3587
Email: info@NationalEatingDisorders.org
http://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org

National Mental Health Association (NMHA)
Phone: 703-684-7722
Toll Free: 1-800-969-6642
TTY: 800-443-5959
http://www.nmha.org

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
National Mental Health Information Center
Toll Free: 800-789-2647
TTY: 866-889-2647
Email: info@mentalhealth.org
http://www.mentalhealth.org

The Reach Institute

The Reach Insitiute

 This 501c3 non-profit has the CEO’s of many of the family advocacy organizations on its board. It’s mission is to ensure that the latest interventions are available in every community by ensuring that health care providers can get trained in the latest methods.

Peter S. Jensen, MD
President & CEO, The REACH Institute
REsource for Advancing Children’s Health
NY, NY